The idea of difference and uniqueness has smitten the human psyche ever since the times human beings came into existence. As species we believe that we are different from the rest, but if thought logically the scientists would classify us under the category of Mammals, which also includes animals. On our own also, we believe that we are different from the rest, in some unique way. Mostly, it is our basic mentality and rest in our country we have various factors contributing to it. It has been more than 60 years now that we gained independence, but still in some way we still are engulfed in the same things – the linguistic barriers, caste system, bickering for dominance over other social, religious and cultural groups.
In a country like ours, it is obvious and even understandable that the interests and expectations of various groups tend to diverge which unfortunately has led to a divisive nature in us. Thus, anytime the issue arises to threats to one’s identity or a group it often ends up in demanding protection for their so called distinct identity. This usually means and demands a new state out of the existing one. Some recent examples are demand for creation of Telangana in Andhra Pradesh, Vidharbha out of eastern Maharashtra, Harit Pradesh from western Uttar Pradesh and Bodoland out of Assam.
When the constitution was framed, it was actually recommended that states be organized on the basis of linguistic grounds. Consequently, the first states to be created which includes Andhra Pradesh, Maharashtra and Tamil Naidu. Initially, being together on the basis of common language and linguistic culture was taken as good basis for creating states to help in the development. But in a while, Ethnicity and commonality of terrain are the two important factors, which were in this time left ignored. This can be understood from the fact that when Punjab was portioned, besides forming the Punjabi speaking region, even the hindi speaking regions were split into Haryana and Himachal Pradesh.
Large State Vs Small state: Which one is better?
There are many factors which are taken into consideration when we debate over this topic.
Economic Prosperity:- Most of the people argue that small states in comparison tend to do better. The cases put forward by them are that of Punjab and Haryana. But on the contrary, if you study about the economic growth patterns of the north eastern states, all except Arunachal Pradesh, rebut and prove contrary to the fact that small states do better.
Balanced regional development:- If actually taken into consideration, most of the smaller states don’t show balanced development. This alienation leads to vast gap between the different sections of the society. This is defended by showing the development patterns in the Mumbai-Pune industrial belt. After this only, they are now demanding the formation of another state Vidharbha.
Economic and political Domination:- Many people are the believers of the fact that the larger states can tend to show their domination on the smaller states. Economically, the state being example is Maharashtra and in terms of political domination Uttar Pradesh is quoted often. However, the proponents of large states argue that such fears could be taken care by greater development of the political power to the masses like the Panchayat Raj.
Ease of administration:- Many are reluctant on the fact smaller states are easy to administer. They argue over the facts that small states make it easier for people to reach the governments. The grants and funds are easier to distribute and development patterns are more even. But on the contrary, many believe that no matter small states are easier to administer but they are often wracked by deep fractures between various social and ethnic groups.
Henceforth, the debate is never ending of which one of these is better. But as long as the people are happy, secure and the development is even, it hardly matters of which one amongst the two is good and more appropriate.
UPCOMING AUTHOR OF THE NOVEL " The Lost Letter"